Jun 5 – 9, 2023
Genova, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Charm meson and charm-meson molecule in an expanding hadron gas

Jun 6, 2023, 3:30 PM
DAD - Room Benvenuto (Genova, Italy)

DAD - Room Benvenuto

Genova, Italy

Contributed Heavy meson spectroscopy Heavy meson spectroscopy


Liping He (Universität Bonn)


We study the time evolution of the number of charm mesons after the kinetic freeze-out of the hadron gas produced by a central heavy-ion collision. The $\pi D^*\to \pi D^*$ reaction rates have t-channel singularities that give contributions inversely proportional to the thermal width of the $D$.  The ratio of the $D^0$ and $D^+$ production rate can differ significantly from those predicted using the measured $D^*$ branching fractions.
We then study the thermal correction to the propagator of a loosely bound charm-meson molecule in a pion gas to next-to-leading order in the heavy-meson expansion. The correction comes primarily from the complex thermal energy shift of the charm-meson constituents. The remaining correction gives a tiny decrease in the binding energy of the molecule and a tiny change in its thermal width. These results are encouraging for the prospects of observing $X(3872)$ and $T_{cc}^+(3875)$ in the expanding hadron gas produced by heavy-ion collisions.

Primary authors

Prof. Eric Braaten (Ohio State University) Roberto Bruschini (Ohio State University) Liping He (Universität Bonn) Kevin Ingles (Ohio State University) Jun Jiang (Shandong University)

Presentation materials