Sep 18 – 24, 2022
Hotel Hermitage, La Biodola Bay, Isola d'Elba, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Numerical simulation study of the propagation of a short electron bunch and a long proton bunch in a plasma ramp

Sep 20, 2022, 10:00 AM
Sala Maria Luisa - Hotel Hermitage

Sala Maria Luisa - Hotel Hermitage

Invited talk Special Topic


Pablo Israel Morales Guzman (Max Planck Institute for Physics)


A particle bunch propagating through plasma will induce a non-linear response when $n_b \gg n_{e0}$ [1]. A negatively charged bunch will drive a blow-out, in which all plasma electrons are expelled from the propagation axis. A positively charged bunch will attract plasma electrons, which will flow-in to the propagation axis, creating a filament [2]. This will sustain focusing fields for the positively charged bunch and defocusing for negatively charged particles.

In the Advanced Wakefield Experiment (AWAKE) [3], in which a long proton bunch drives high-amplitude wakefields for electron acceleration through self-modulation [4], there is a plasma density ramp at the entrance and exit of the plasma [5]. The density in the plasma ramp can be up to five orders of magnitude lower than that of the long plasma. We present a numerical study performed with the particle-in-cell code LCODE [6] using parameters similar to those of the experiments. We show that the plasma ramp would have a detrimental effect on the propagation of both a seed electron bunch placed inside of the proton bunch and for an electron bunch injected in a second plasma for acceleration [7], if that plasma had a density ramp at the entrance.

Primary authors

Pablo Israel Morales Guzman (Max Planck Institute for Physics) Patric Muggli (Max-Planck-Institut für Physik)

Presentation materials