Sep 24 – 30, 2017
La Biodola, Isola d'Elba
Europe/Rome timezone

Time resolved X-ray absorption measurements of high energy density matter using broadband X-rays from an electron beam

Sep 26, 2017, 4:15 PM
SB2, Sala Bonaparte 2, HH

SB2, Sala Bonaparte 2, HH

talk WG4 - Applications of Compact and High-Gradient Accelerators WG4_Parallel


Dr Brendan Kettle (Imperial College London)


Measuring accurate and detailed information from energetic and dense plasmas, like those present in the core of large planets or inertial confinement fusion targets for example, presents a significant challenge. Within the laboratory frame, many of the key processes that govern these states occur over rapid time scales (femtoseconds or less), and due to the dense nature of such samples, many common diagnostics that rely on optical probing are inadequate. Here we present a new experimental technique that should provide a wealth of information about dense plasmas, on a truly ultrafast timescale. The X-rays generated by the betatron oscillations of a laser wakefield driven electron beam form a perfect probe beam. Not only does the pulse duration (10’s of femtoseconds) provide a snapshot of the conditions present and that the brightness and photon energy (Ecritical = 25 keV) available can penetrate relatively large samples, but the smooth broadband spectral nature of these pulses make them ideal for performing single-shot X-ray absorption measurements near resonance edges, and ionisation states. This can provide direct information on the electron temperature and density, local structure, ionisation rate, and other more involved mechanisms such as ionisation potential depression.

Primary author

Dr Brendan Kettle (Imperial College London)


Mr Robbie Watt (Imperial College London) Dr Rory Baggott (Imperial College London) Prof. Steven Rose (Imperial College London) Dr Stuart Mangles (Imperial College London)

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