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Sep 13 – 19, 2015
La Biodola, Isola d'Elba
Europe/Rome timezone

Ion acceleration from laser driven collisionless shockwaves in optically shaped gas targets

Sep 16, 2015, 5:10 PM
20m
SB1 Sala Bonaparte 1 (Hotel Hermitage)

SB1 Sala Bonaparte 1

Hotel Hermitage

talk WG2 - Ion beams from plasmas WG2 - Ion beams from plasmas

Speaker

Dr Nicholas Dover (Imperial College London)

Description

We report on recent experiments using the high power CO2 laser (λ ∼ 10 μm , a0 ∼ 1) at the Accelerator Test Facility, Brookhaven National Laboratory to generate ~MeV protons and helium ions, which are accelerated by collisionless shockwave acceleration in overcritical gas targets. We have developed new techniques of shaping gas jet targets with optically induced hydrodynamic shocks, allowing us to tailor density profiles to optimise ion generation. Sufficiently steep gradients resulted in quasi-monoenergetic proton beams with a single laser pulse, in contrast to previous work relying on pulse trains. The laser plasma interaction also generates energetic electrons, which propagate into the target with beam to background ratio up to ∼0.1. We have observed transverse filamentation in this region, which is reproduced by PIC modelling. These simulations also elucidate the key role of the laser-generated electrons in heating the plasma to create the conditions required for collisionless shockwave formation and subsequent ion generation.

Primary author

Dr Nicholas Dover (Imperial College London)

Co-authors

Dr Chakra Maharjan (Stony Brook University) Dr Igor Pogorelsky (Brookhaven National Laboratory) Dr Mikhail Polyanskiy (Brookhaven National Laboratory) Dr Nathan Cook (Stony Brook University) Dr Olivier Tresca (Brookhaven National Laboratory) Dr Peter Shkolnikov (Stony Brook University) Dr Robert Kingham (Imperial College London) Prof. Zulfikar Najmudin (Imperial College London)

Presentation materials