Jul 6 – 13, 2022
Bologna, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Muon flux and muon-induced neutron yield measurement at China Jinping underground laboratory

Jul 8, 2022, 7:05 PM
1h 25m
Bologna, Italy

Bologna, Italy

Palazzo della Cultura e dei Congressi
Poster Neutrino Physics Poster Session


ZHANG Bin (Tsinghua University)


China Jinping Underground Laboratory (CJPL) is ideal for carrying out MeV-scale neutrino experiments and searching for neutrinoless double-beta-decay. To understand the cosmogenic background, we analyzed 820.28 days of the dataset from a one-ton prototype detector and measured the cosmic-ray muon flux to be $(3.61 \pm 0.19_{\rm stat.} \pm 0.10_{\rm sys.}) \times 10^{-10} {\rm cm}^{-2}{\rm s}^{-1}$. From the detected cosmic-ray muon events, we also measured the muon-induced neutron yield in liquid scintillation, which is $ (3.44 \pm 1.86_{\rm stat.} \pm 0.76_{\rm sys.}) \times 10^{-4} \mu^{-1} {\rm g}^{-1}{\rm cm}^2 $ at 340 GeV average energy of muons. In addition, we performed a survey of muon fluxes at different laboratory locations globally, considering both those situated under mountains and those down mine shafts. Under the same vertical overburden, the former is generally $(4 \pm 2)$ times the latter due to the leakage through the mountain. Based on Jinping Mountain's terrain and the measurement in CJPL-I, we predicted cosmic-ray muons' energy and angle distributions and fluxes for the four halls at CJPL-II. We found the fluxes of Hall C and Hall D were about $2.3 \times 10^{-10} {\rm cm}^{-2}{\rm s}^{-1}$ and $2.5 \times 10^{-10} {\rm cm}^{-2}{\rm s}^{-1}$ respectively.

In-person participation Yes

Primary author

ZHANG Bin (Tsinghua University)

Presentation materials