Jul 6 – 13, 2022
Bologna, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Cabibbo angle anomalies: indication of new physics at TeV scale?

Jul 7, 2022, 4:12 PM
Room 9 (Indaco)

Room 9 (Indaco)

Parallel Talk Quark and Lepton Flavour Physics Quark and Lepton Flavour Physics


Benedetta Belfatto (SISSA & INFN)


Recent high precision determinations of $V_{us}$ and $V_{ud}$ indicate towards anomalies in the first row of the CKM matrix. Namely, the determination of $V_{ud}$ from beta decays and of $V_{us}$ from kaon decays imply a violation of first row unitarity at about $3\sigma$ level. Moreover, there is tension between determinations of $V_{us}$ obtained from leptonic $K\mu 2$ and semileptonic $K\ell 3$ kaon decays. These discrepancies can be explained if there exist extra vector-like quarks at the TeV scale, which have large enough mixings with the lighter quarks. However, only one type of extra multiplet cannot entirely explain all the discrepancies, and some their combination is required, e.g. two species of isodoublet, or one isodoublet and one (up or down type) isosinglet. These scenarios are testable with future experiments. A different solution can come from the introduction of the gauge horizontal family symmetry acting between the lepton families and spontaneously broken at the scale of about 6 TeV. Since the gauge bosons of this symmetry contribute to muon decay in interference with Standard Model, the Fermi constant is slightly smaller than the muon decay constant so that unitarity is recovered.

In-person participation Yes

Primary author

Benedetta Belfatto (SISSA & INFN)

Presentation materials