Jul 6 – 13, 2022
Bologna, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Charm production: constraint to transport models and charm diffusion coefficient with ALICE

Jul 7, 2022, 2:30 PM
Room 3 (Verde)

Room 3 (Verde)

Parallel Talk Heavy Ions Heavy Ions


Fabio Catalano (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare)


In this contribution the nuclear modification factor ($R_\mathrm{AA}$) of prompt charm hadrons and heavy-flavour hadrons decaying to leptons measured in Pb-Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_\mathrm{NN}}=5.02$ TeV by the ALICE Collaboration are presented. The measurement of heavy-flavour leptons in Xe-Xe collisions is also discussed. Heavy quarks are a very suitable probe to investigate the quark--gluon plasma (QGP) produced in heavy-ion collisions, since they are mainly produced in hard-scattering processes and hence in shorter timescales compared to the QGP. Measurements of charm-hadron production in nucleus--nucleus collisions are therefore useful to study the properties of the in-medium charm-quark energy loss via the comparison with theoretical models. Moreover, the comparison of different colliding systems provide insights in the dependency on the collision geometry.

Models describing the heavy-flavour transport and energy loss in an hydrodynamically expanding QGP require also a precise modelling of the in-medium hadronisation of heavy quarks, which is investigated via the measurement of prompt $\mathrm{D_s^+}$ mesons and $\Lambda_\mathrm{c}^{+}$ baryons.

In addition, the measurement of the azimuthal anisotropy of strange and non-strange D mesons is discussed. The second harmonic coefficient provides information about the degree of thermalisation of charm quarks in the medium, while the third one relates to its sensitivity to event-by-event fluctuations in the initial stage of the collision.

A thorough systematic comparison of experimental measurements with phenomenological model calculations will be performed in order to disentangle different model contributions and provide important constraints to the charm-quark diffusion coefficient $D_s$ in the QGP.

In-person participation Yes

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