# Avenues of Quantum Field Theory in Curved Spacetime

Europe/Rome
Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor) (Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia)

### Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

#### Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Edificio 'Fisica' Via Campi 213/A, 41125 Modena, Italy
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Description

The main goal of this mini-workshop is to bring together researchers who work on different disciplines of Theoretical Physics where QFT in curved spaces has played an important role, to discuss informally and establish new collaborations. We also plan it as an occasion to strengthen the connection between italian and japanese theoretical physicists. There is no registration fee.

Participants
• Alexander Kamenshchik
• Antonino Flachi
• Carlo Alberto Cremonini
• Christian Schubert
• Damiano Anselmi
• Davide Rindori
• Denis Comelli
• Diego Trancanelli
• Emanuele Latini
• Filippo Maria Balli
• Fiorenzo Bastianelli
• Francesco Becattini
• Gianfranco Cordella
• Gianluca Grignani
• Hasmik Poghosyan
• Kenichi Konishi
• Luca Griguolo
• Marco Barsanti
• Marco Piva
• Massimiliano Rinaldi
• Maurizio Muratori
• Michele Lenzi
• Pietro Grassi
• Roberto Bonezzi
• Roberto Soldati
• Roberto Zucchini
• Stefano Gregorio Giaccari
• Tereza Vardanyan
• Vincenzo Vitagliano
• Yuko Urakawa
• Monday, 9 September
• 11:00 11:15
Welcome Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

### Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

#### Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Edificio 'Fisica' Via Campi 213/A, 41125 Modena, Italy
• 11:15 12:00
Thermal field theory with acceleration, entropy current and Unruh effect 45m

We evaluate the thermal expectation values in a free quantum field theory at global thermodynamic equilibrium with acceleration in Minkowski space- time. It is found that Unruh temperature TU = A/2π is an absolute lower bound for the comoving temperature along the hyperbolic flow lines. We also present a method to determine the entropy current, and we find that at the Unruh temperature the integral of the entropy current yields the en- tanglement entropy of the right Rindler wedge in the Minkowski vacuum state.

Speaker: Davide Rindori (University of Florence and INFN)
• 12:00 12:45
Chiral fermions and trace anomalies 45m

We discuss chiral fermions in gauge (and gravitational) backgrounds,
and focus on the structure of their trace anomalies.
We regulate the quantum theory with Pauli-Villars fields
and do not find party-odd terms in the trace anomalies.
The latter have been the object of recent analyses.

Speaker: Fiorenzo Bastianelli (BO)
• 14:15 15:00
Infrared dynamics in asymptotically FLRW spacetime 45m

In various cosmological models, the curvature perturbation $\zeta$ has a constant solution in the infrared (IR) limit and $\zeta$ fulfills the soft theorem, a.k.a, the consistency relation. However, it has not been very clear what ensures these properties. We show the existence of the constant solution and the soft theorem, assuming the asymptotically FLRW geometry and the invariance under the large gauge transformation. In this regard, the situation is quite similar to gauge theories in asymptotically flat spacetimes (Strominger et al., 13). Based on this, we propose a general classification of cosmological models according to different IR behaviors.

Speaker: Yuko Urakawa (Bielefeld University)
• 15:00 15:45
Lagrangian Formalism for (Super)fluids and (Super)Solids 45m

An effective field theory lagrangian formalism of four scalar DoF allows to describe both self gravitating non dissipative fluids and generic massive gravity models as identical systems. We elaborate on the stability of massive gravity models with six DoF and on the behaviour of cosmological perturbations.

Speaker: Denis Comelli (FE)
• 15:45 16:30
Coffee break Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

### Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

#### Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Edificio 'Fisica' Via Campi 213/A, 41125 Modena, Italy
• 16:30 17:15
One-loop effective action of quantum gravity with fakeons and its phenomenology 45m

In this talk I will expose the features of a new local higher-derivative theory of quantum gravity. The model is based on the concept of “fakeons” or “fake degrees of freedom”, which solves the problem of ghosts and leads to a unitary, renormalizable theory. In particular, I will show the absorptive part of the graviton self-energy at one loop and its contributions to the effective action, both in pure gravity and in the theory coupled with any type of matter field. I will point out the differences with respect to the usual treatment of higher-derivative gravity and some phenomenological implications. Finally, possible applications in cosmological pertrubation theory will be addressed.

Speaker: Marco Piva (Penn State University)
• 17:15 18:00
Fakeons, microcausality and quantum gravity: the FLRW metric 45m

Under certain assumptions, it is possible to make sense of higher derivative theories by quantizing the unwanted degrees of freedom as fakeons, which are later projected away. Then the true classical limit is obtained by classicizing the quantum theory. Since quantum field theory is formulated perturbatively, the classicization is also perturbative. After deriving a number of properties in a general setting, we consider the theory of quantum gravity that emerges from the
fakeon idea and study its classicization, focusing on the FLRW metric. We point out cases where the fakeon projection can be handled exactly, which include radiation, the vacuum energy density and the combination of the two, and cases where it cannot, which include dust. Generically, the classical limit shares many features with the quantum theory it comes from, including the impossibility to write down complete, “exact” field equations, to the extent that asymptotic series and
nonperturbative effects come into play.

Speaker: Damiano Anselmi (PI)
• Tuesday, 10 September
• 09:00 09:45
Towards a Worldline Monte Carlo approach in curved space 45m

Numerical Worldline MonteCarlo techniques in flat spacetime have been deeply developed in order to extract physical information from QFT systems. We study a possible way to extend such procedures to the case of (Euclidean) curved spaces, where the proper-time discretization of a bosonic worldline point-particle is treated similarly to a time-slicing regularization for the associated quantum path integral. In particular, it induces a well-known counterterm in the theory which, together with curvature effects arising directly from the curved metric tensor, plays the role of a potential. To test the setup, we focus on the calculation of the free heat kernel of a bosonic point-particle on a D-sphere, for which the expressions of the effective potential and of the metric tensor were provided in closed form. Here, the curved space problem was turned into a flat space one, making the verification of our numerical method quite straightforward.

Speaker: Maurizio Muratori (Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia)
• 09:45 10:30
Aspects of scale invariant gravity 45m

In this talk we discuss the possibility that tensor-scalar gravity is naturally scale-invariant, at least at the classical level. This assumption has a number of phenomenological consequences on the physics of the Universe at large scale and of black holes. We consider some of these to assess whether scale-invariance is a viable and fundamental symmetry.

Speaker: Massimiliano Rinaldi (TIFP)
• 10:30 11:15
Coffee break Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

### Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

#### Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Edificio 'Fisica' Via Campi 213/A, 41125 Modena, Italy
• 11:15 12:00
Superlines and Integration on Supermanifolds 45m
Speaker: Pietro Grassi (Universita' del Piemonte Orientale)
• 12:00 12:45
Gauging 1-form center symmetries, Mixed anomalies and Infrared dynamics in SU(N) gauge theories 45m

Consequence of gauging 1-form discrete center symmetries are studied in some simple SU(N) gauge theories. In particular, we discuss how the dynamics of strongly coupled chiral gauge theories is constrained by the mixed anomalies involving the new, 1-form symmetries and conventional 0-form symmetries.

Speaker: Kenichi Konishi (Univ. Pisa and INFN, Pisa)
• 14:15 15:00
Force-free electrodynamics near the rotation axis of a Kerr black hole 45m

Despite their potential importance for understanding astrophysical jets, physically realistic exact solutions for magnetospheres around Kerr black holes have not been found, even in the force-free approximation. Instead, approximate analytical solutions such as the perturbative solution in the spin parameter proposed by Blandford and Znajek, as well as numerical solutions, have been constructed. I will introduce a new approach to the analysis and construction of such magnetospheres by considering force-free electrodynamics close to the rotation axis of a magnetosphere surrounding a Kerr black hole assuming axisymmetry. This is the region where the force-free approximation should work the best and where the jets are located. I will illustrate a systematic study of the asymptotic region with (split-)monopole, paraboloidal and vertical asymptotic behaviors. In the (split-)monopole case, I will show that by demanding regularity in the asymptotic region, at the rotation axis and the event horizon, restricts solutions of the stream equation so much that it is not possible for a solution to be continuously connected to the static (split-)monopole around the Schwarzschild black hole in the limit where the rotation goes to zero. This provides independent evidence to the issues discovered with the asymptotics of the Blandford-Znajek (split-)monopole from which it follows that its perturbative construction is inconsistent.

Speaker: Gianluca Grignani (PG)
• 15:00 15:45
Contact quantization: from the harmonic oscillator to the anharmonic one, and back 45m

We will show how quantization together with quantum dynamics can be simultaneously formulated as the problem of finding an appropriate flat connection (named contact connection) on a Hilbert bundle over a contact manifold. In this setting we will discuss the local, formal gauge equivalence for a broad class of quantum dynamical systems; just as classical dynamics depends on choices of clocks, local quantum dynamics can be reduced to a problem of studying gauge transformations. As an example and application of this new approach to the quantization procedure, we discuss the gauge tranformation relating the contact connection for the HO to the AHO one, and possibly discuss the space of solutions of the parallel section problem.

Speaker: Emanuele Latini (University of Bologna and INFN Bologna)
• 15:45 16:30
Coffee break Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

### Room L1.6, L.17 (first floor)

#### Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Informatiche e Matematiche, Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Edificio 'Fisica' Via Campi 213/A, 41125 Modena, Italy
• 16:30 17:15
A worldline quantization approach to higher spin theories 45m

Using the effective action method, we investigate the higher spin actions in flat spacetime that can be obtained by integrating out a fermion field coupled to external higher spin source fields. In particular, an approach based on worldline quantization allows to identify the gauge symmetry of these models and to find the L_infinity structure that characterizes many (classical) field theories, including closed string field theory. This structure is also found to be consistent with a Yang-Mills-like model, where a limited amount of non-locality plays a crucial role in granting the absence of ghosts at perturbative level.

Speaker: Stefano Giaccari (Holon Institute of Technology)
• 17:15 18:00
Gravity from worldlines 45m

In this talk I will present the first-quantized description of Einstein gravity in terms of a point particle model with N=4 local worldline supersymmetries. In particular, I will discuss how the quantum consistency of the underlying first-quantized system produces fully nonlinear Einstein field equations for the target space metric, thus showing that this is not a peculiarity of string theory.
As a warmup, I will first present the simpler case of a worldline model with N=2 supersymmetries, describing Yang-Mills, and then move to the recently found results for gravity.

Speaker: Roberto Bonezzi (Humboldt University Berlin)