Cosmology and Multi-Messenger Astrophysics with Gamma-Ray Bursts

Sep 29, 2022, 5:30 PM
Sestri Levante

Sestri Levante

Grand Hotel dei Castelli, Via Penisola Levante, 26, 16039 Sestri Levante (GE), Italy
Oral contribution Session 8


Lorenzo Amati (INAF - IASF Bologna)


Gamma-Ray Bursts constitute one of the most fascinating and relevant
phenomena in modern science, with strong implications for several fields of astrophysics, cosmology and fundamental physics.
In this review, I will focus on the perspective key-role of GRBs for
cosmology and multi-messenger astrophysics. Indeed, the huge luminosity, the redshift distribution extending at least up to z~10 and the association with the explosive death of very massive stars make long GRBs (i.e., those lasting up to a few minutes) potentially extremely powerful probes for investigating the early Universe (pop-III stars, cosmic reionization, SFR and metallicity
evolution up to the "cosmic dawn") and cosmological parameters. At the same
time, as demonstrated by the GW170817 event, short GRBs (lasting no more than a few s) are the most prominent electromagnetic counterpart of gravitational-wave sources like NS-NS and NS-BH merging events.
Moreover, both long and short GRBs are expected to be associated with
neutrino emission. I will also report on the status, concepts and expected performances of space mission projects (e.g, THESEUS, Gamow Explorer) aiming at fully exploiting these unique potentialities of the GRB
phenomenon, thus providing an ideal synergy with the large e.m. facilities
of the future like LSST, ELT, TMT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA in the e.m. domain, advanced second generation (2G++) and third generation (3G) GW detectors and future large neutrino detectors (e.g., Km3NET).

Primary author

Lorenzo Amati (INAF - IASF Bologna)

Presentation materials