Jul 22 – 26, 2019
Europe/Rome timezone

Development of a closed-cycle miniature dilution refrigerator for a fast-cooldown 100 mK detector wafer test cryostat

Jul 23, 2019, 5:45 PM
1h 15m
Piazza Città di Lombardia (Milano)

Piazza Città di Lombardia


Piazza Città di Lombardia, 1, 20124 Milano MI
Poster Detector readout, signal processing, and related technologies Poster session


Ms Susanna Azzoni (The University of Manchester)


The forthcoming generation of Cosmic Microwave Background polarization observatories are developing large format detector arrays which will operate at 100 mK. Given the volume of detector wafers that will be required, fast-cooldown 100 mK test cryostats are increasingly needed. A miniature dilution refrigerator (MDR) has been developed for this purpose and is reported. The MDR is pre-cooled by a double stage $^3$He/$^4$He Chase Research Cryogenics ''Berkeley-style'' sorption refrigerator. The test cryostat based around this MDR will enable fast cooldown to 100 mK to support rapid feedback testing of detector wafers fabricated for the Simons Observatory. The MDR has been designed so as to be retrofitted to existing CRC10 sorption coolers, reducing the base temperature from 250 mK for the new generation of detectors. This configuration will meet the cryogenic requirements for single-wafer testing, providing $\sim$5-10 $\mu$W of cooling power for several hours. The system operates in a closed cycle, therefore avoiding external gas connections and cold o-rings. No moving parts are required, with the system operated entirely by heaters. It is possible to fully automate the cycling of each stage in order to provide ''push-button'' cooldown to 100 mK. Furthermore, the architecture of the system that has been developed is such that it could easily be implemented for other low-temperature detector applications requiring similar cooling powers.

Student (Ph.D., M.Sc. or B.Sc.) Y
Less than 5 years of experience since completion of Ph.D Y

Primary authors

Ms Susanna Azzoni (The University of Manchester) Andrew May (University of Manchester) Dr Simon Chase (Chase Research Cryogenics Ltd) Dr Gabriele Coppi (The University of Manchester) Lee Kenny (chase research cryogenics ltd) Prof. Lucio Piccirillo (The University of Manchester) Aritoki Suzuki (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Mr Jakob Wenninger (The University of Manchester)

Presentation materials