Open-Closed Duality in String Field Theory

Feb 22, 2024, 4:15 PM
Room 005 (SISSA)

Room 005


SISSA building Via Bonomea 265


Alberto Ruffino (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare)


We approach the problem of open-closed duality through the complete perspective of string field theory (SFT) and we provide a description of the backreaction of a large N stack of D-branes as a new closed string background without D-branes. To achieve this, we first of all give a new convenient formulation of open-closed SFT based on a single open-closed nilpotent structure which captures the consistency of the theory. Then we perform the 't Hooft large N limit, obtaining at the leading order a classical closed SFT plus a quantum but planar open SFT. We then proceed to integrate out the open string sector applying the so-called homotopy transfer to our new nilpotent structure and we end up with a purely classical closed SFT. The obtained closed string theory however have tadpoles, whose strenght is controlled by the 't Hooft coupling. To get rid of the tadpoles we finally perform a vacuum shift, which describes closed strings in the backreacted new background, without D-branes. We test this construction in minimal string theory where, following well-known results by Gaiotto and Rastelli, we show how we can move in the space of $(2,p)$ closed strings by computing the backreaction of a large number of FZZT branes in the $(2,1)$ background. This talk is based on 2305.02843, 2305.02844 and work in progress.

Presentation materials