Sep 20 – 22, 2022
Europe/Rome timezone
Thanks to all participants!!

Studies on the evolution of MTE for photocathdes subjected to controlled degradation by gas exposure

Sep 21, 2022, 11:10 AM
Aula Magna C03 (Milano)

Aula Magna C03


Via Mangiagalli, 25 Milano Italy
Presentation Metallic Photocathodes


Liam Soomary (The Cockcroft Institute / The University of Liverpool)


The electron beam quality of a photocathode-based electron source is limited by the achievable mean transverse energy (MTE). The Liouville theorem states that the total emittance of a beam cannot improve as it propagates through an accelerator, only manipulated using lattice optics. Therefore minimising the intrinsic emittance of a photocathode is important. This alongside other factors such as the quantum efficiency (QE) of a photocathode determines the ultimate beam quality. The chemical properties of a photoemissive surface affect the energy spread of any emitted electrons, and consequently the intrinsic emittance of that source.
The robustness of the photocathode is also a crucial performance aspect, as this helps determine the lifetime of a cathode. I will talk through the performance data on two photocathodes, subjected to progressive degradation by controlled exposure to residual gases typically found in a UHV system: an Ag polycrystalline cathode at 266 nm and a Cs implanted Cu polycrystalline cathode at 405 nm. The data crucially shows the effect of this progressive degradation on photocathode performance due to gas exposure.

Presentation materials