LOFAR observations of a jet-driven piston shock in the low solar corona

Jul 8, 2021, 7:23 PM


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Working Group 2: Particle acceleration Working Group 2: Particle acceleration


Ciara Maguire (Trinity College Dublin)


The Sun produces highly dynamic and eruptive events that can drive shocks through the corona.
These shocks can accelerate electrons, which result in plasma emission in the form of a type II radio
burst. Despite a large number of type II radio bursts observations, the precise origin of coronal
shocks is still subject to investigation. Here we present a well-observed solar eruptive event that
occurred on 16 October 2015, focusing on a jet observed in the extreme ultraviolet by the SDO Atmospheric Imaging Assembly, a streamer observed in white-light by the Large Angle and Spectrometric Coronagraph, and a metric type II radio burst observed by the LOw-Frequency Array (LOFAR) radio telescope. For the first time, LOFAR has interferometrically imaged the fundamental and harmonic sources of a type II radio burst and revealed that the sources did not appear to be co-spatial, as would be expected from the plasma emission mechanism. We correct for the separation between the fundamental and harmonic using a model which accounts for the scattering of radio waves by electron density fluctuations in a turbulent plasma. This allows us to show the type II radio sources were located ∼0.5 R$_{\odot}$ above the jet and propagated at a speed of ∼1000 km s$^{−1}$, which was significantly faster than the jet speed of ∼200 km s $^{−1}$. This suggests that the type II burst was generated by a piston shock driven by the jet in the low corona.

Primary authors

Ciara Maguire (Trinity College Dublin) Dr Eoin Carley (Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies) Dr Pietro Zucca (AASTRON Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy) Dr Nicole Vilmer (LESIA, Observatoire de Paris) Prof. Peter Gallagher (Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies)

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