May 23 – 27, 2022
Almo Collegio Borromeo, Pavia, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

Recent Transverse Spin Measurements from Polarized $pp$ Collisions at STAR

May 26, 2022, 3:15 PM
Almo Collegio Borromeo, Pavia, Italy

Almo Collegio Borromeo, Pavia, Italy

P.zza Borromeo 9 27100 Pavia Italy
Longer talk Plenary session


W. W. Jacobs (CEEM / Indiana University)


The STAR Collaboration at RHIC investigates the internal spin structure of the proton with a broad range of measurements in polarized $pp$ collisions. Transverse spin studies aim to elucidate 3D transverse momentum structure and parton transversity. Dijet opening angle measurements are sensitive to the Sivers $\langle k_T \rangle$ and a non-zero spin dependent result in $pp$ collisions is observed for the first time. Individual parton contributions ($u$, $d$, gluon+sea) to the measured $\langle k_T \rangle$ are extracted through a matrix inversion of the charge-sorted $\langle k_T \rangle$ data. Additionally, transverse single-spin asymmetries of fully reconstructed $W^{\pm}$ bosons from $pp$ collisions address the process dependence of the Sivers function; the increased luminosity of 2017 data at $\sqrt{s} = 510$ GeV significantly improves on previous $W^{\pm}$, as well as related $Z$-boson, results. Separately, the transverse spin dependent correlation of charged pion pairs, interference fragmentation functions, are used to probe transversity. Results from $pp$ collisions at $\sqrt{s}$ = 200 and 500 GeV with additional integrated luminosity further enhance the first observations of transversity in $pp$ collisions and the constraints that they provide. Finally, the transverse single-spin dependence of the azimuthal modulation of pions in jets probes the Collins function, while additional modulations ("Collins-like" effect) place limits on gluon linear polarization. The current status of these and related analyses (forward $\pi^0$ and forward EM-jet $A_N$), and prospects for their extension in the near future will be presented and discussed.

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