Oct 8 – 10, 2018
INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro
Europe/Rome timezone

Improvement of Nb thin film on Cu substrate by Nd:YAG laser radiation

Oct 9, 2018, 3:55 PM
Villi Room (INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro)

Villi Room

INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro

Viale dell'Università 2, Legnaro (Padova) - Italy
Advanced preparation of substrates and atmospheric plasmas Advanced cleaning of substrates


Prof. Arturs Medvids (Riga Technical University)


The properties of Nb thin films deposited on planar Cu substrate were studied after its laser annealing. Five samples were prepared employing different substrate preparation techniques and were subsequently coated with 3-µm thick Nb film with the same deposition parameters. Afterwards, the Nb films were irradiated using Nd:YAG laser in order to increase crystallinity and improve adhesion of the Nb layer. The non-irradiated and irradiated surfaces were studied employing SEM, EDS, XRD and optical microscopy. It was found that the non-irradiated Nb film is delaminated in some places. This effect probably occurs due to mechanical stresses after the deposition of a very thick Nb film on Cu substrate. This is suggested by the observed Nb presence under the delamination layer according to EDS measurements. Irradiation of the structure by the Nd:YAG laser leads to increase of the Nb grain size according to SEM measurements. The study of the irradiated structure by XRD method revealed decrease of mechanical strain by a factor of two. Typical for the Nb/Cu samples studied is the presence of pinholes with size up to 500 nm. Only for one of the samples the surface is characterized by chaotically distributed scratches with lengths up to 10 µm. In one case the pinholes are longitudinal and orientated with length up to 5 µm. After irradiation by pulsed Nd:YAG laser (λ= 1064 nm, τ =6 ns and intensity up to I=200 MW/cm2) in scanning mode with step 5µm in Ar atmosphere, the longitudinal pinholes fully disappeared and a periodical structure - Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures (LIPSS) appeared, with period 1 µm and amplitude up to 5 nm. The surfaces became smoother, but with some cracks up to 5 µm length. The surface roughness decreased by a factor 10 for all the samples. To study the impact of laser annealing on superconducting properties, the samples were measured at VSM/PPMS in a perpendicular magnetic field before and after laser irradiation The authors would like to acknowledge the support provided by European Union’s ARIES collaboration H2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement no. 730871.

Primary author

Prof. Arturs Medvids (Riga Technical University)


Dr Alban Sublet (CERN) Cristian Pira (LNL) Dr Eugen Seiler (Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava) Dr Michael Vogel (University of Siegen) Dr Oleg Malyshev (STFC Daresbury Laboratory) Dr Pavels Onufrijevs (Riga Technical University) Rastislav Ries (Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava) Mr Stewart Leith (Universität Siegen) Xin Jiang (University of Siegen) Dr reza valizadeh (ASTeC, STFC)

Presentation materials