19-21 February 2019
"Sapienza" University, Phys. Dept. Marconi
Europe/Rome timezone

Measuring the galactic gravito-magnetism on Earth

21 Feb 2019, 11:22
17m
Aula Amaldi ("Sapienza" University, Phys. Dept. Marconi)

Aula Amaldi

"Sapienza" University, Phys. Dept. Marconi

Rome
talk General Relativity and Cosmology General Relativity & Cosmology

Speaker

Prof. Angelo Tartaglia (INAF and Politecnico di Torino)

Description

General Relativity tells us that that a spinning source of gravity produces, in weak field approximation, both an attractive Newton-like force and a gravito-magnetic interaction. This is of course true for the whole Milky Way and in particular for its dark halo, if it exists. Here I discuss the opportunity of putting upper limits to the intensity of a possible galactic gravito-magnetic field, by terrestrial experiments. When a gravito-magnetic field concatenates with a loop closed in the space of a given observer, it causes a difference in the time of flight of right- and left-handed electromagnetic signals along that loop: this is the generalized version of the Sagnac effect, combining kinematical rotations and general relativity. Terrestrial devices exploiting this effect are for instance ring lasers. A galactic gravito-magnetic field would practically be constant in the whole internal solar system, but a ring fixed on the surface of the earth at a given latitude would daily oscillate its normal with respect to the axis of the Milky Way by an angular amplitude as big as the latitude. This diurnal (stellar day) modulation would be a possible footprint of the galactic gravito-magnetic interaction.

Primary author

Prof. Angelo Tartaglia (INAF and Politecnico di Torino)

Presentation Materials

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