February 28, 2020 to March 31, 2021
On Zoom
Europe/Rome timezone

A test of the cosmological principle

Oct 12, 2020, 4:00 PM
40m
On Zoom

On Zoom

https://cern.zoom.us/j/5876144043

Speaker

Subir Sarkar (University of Oxford)

Description

The standard model of cosmology assumes that the universe is statistically isotropic & homogeneous when averaged on scales exceeding ~100 Mpc. That the CMB in fact exhibits a large dipole anisotropy is explained as due to our motion because of local inhomogeneity. This kinematic interpretation requires that there be a corresponding dipole in the sky distribution of high redshift objects. Using a new all-sky catalogue of 1.3 million quasars we find that this hypothesis is rejected at nearly 4σ by the observed matter dipole. This calls into question the usual practice of boosting to the `CMB frame' to analyse cosmological observations. In particular the acceleration of the Hubble expansion rate is also anisotropic in our heliocentric frame; it can no longer be convincingly argued that this can be made to look isotropic in the CMB frame and thus interpreted as due to Λ.
https://arxiv.org/abs/2009.14826
https://arxiv.org/abs/1912.04257
https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.04597

Presentation materials