[Quminars] Quantum Annealing for Distributions Unfolding in High-Energy Physics

by Simone Gasperini

Aula Magna - Sede Irnerio (Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia)

Aula Magna - Sede Irnerio

Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia

Via Irnerio, 46

In High-Energy Physics (HEP) experiments, each measurement apparatus exhibits a unique signature in terms of detection efficiency, resolution, and geometric acceptance. The overall effect is that the distribution of each observable measured in a given physical process could be smeared and biased. Unfolding is the statistical technique employed to correct for this distortion and restore the original distribution. This process is essential to make effective comparisons between the outcomes obtained from different experiments and the theoretical predictions.
The emerging technology of Quantum Computing represents an enticing opportunity to enhance the unfolding performance and potentially yield more accurate results.
This work introduces QUnfold, a simple Python module designed to address the unfolding challenge by harnessing the capabilities of quantum annealing. In particular, the regularized log-likelihood minimization formulation of the unfolding problem is translated to a Quantum Unconstrained Binary Optimization (QUBO) problem, solvable by using quantum annealing systems. The algorithm is validated on a simulated sample of particles collisions data generated combining the Madgraph Monte Carlo event generator and the Delphes simulation software to model the detector response. A variety of fundamental kinematic distributions are unfolded and the results are compared with conventional unfolding algorithms commonly adopted in precision measurements at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN.
The implementation of the quantum unfolding model relies on the D-Wave Ocean software and the algorithm is run by heuristic classical solvers as well as the physical D-Wave Advantage quantum annealer boasting 5000+ qubits.

Simone Gasperini is a Data Science and Computation PhD student at UniBo and INFN with a background in Physics. He is working on the design and the practical implementation of quantum and hybrid quantum-classical algorithms as well as on software development for quantum information processing frameworks (e.g. Qiskit by IBM). In particular, his research activities focus on the application of different quantum computing paradigms (e.g. gate-based, annealing) to tackle complex problems and explore their potential in the domain of experimental High-Energy Physics.

Join Zoom Meeting 

Meeting ID: 865 3773 5231
Passcode: 737165

Organized by

Matteo Franchini