The 2009 Nobel Prize on Fiber Optics and its Origins

Aula Bruno Touschek (Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, Frascati)

Aula Bruno Touschek

Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, Frascati

Via Enrico Fermi 40 00044 Frascati

Half of the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Charles K. Kao for his achievements that paved the path to the large optical fiber communications network around the World. It is true that without optical fibers, and without Kao's propositions, the actual panorama of long distance telephony, internet, mobile communications and even the World Wide Web would never be possible. An overview of the historic & technology developments in Optics, Electromagnetism and Materials that permitted the proposal of optical fiber as a suitable propagation medium will be presented.

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