9-14 September 2018
University of Ferrara
Europe/Rome timezone
23RD INTERNATIONAL SPIN SYMPOSIUM

Advantages of Nuclear Fusion with Polarized Fuel

12 Sep 2018, 14:30
35m
A11 (Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33)

A11

Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33

Parallel Sessions Application of Nuclear Polarization Techniques to Other Fields Application of Nuclear Polarization Techniques to Other Fields

Speaker

Dr Ralf Engels (Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich)

Description

Since more than 50 years it is known that different spin combinations of the fuel nucleons (t, d, or 3He) modify the differential and the total cross section of the d-t and the 3He-d fusion reactions. Therefore, polarized fuel can be used to increase the reaction rate in a fusion reactor or to focus the neutrons on special wall areas. Both options are useful to increase the energy output and to reduce the costs of future fusion reactors. But before polarized fuel can be used for energy production, a number of problems must be solved. In this talk an overview on various activities in this field of research, e.g. of the PREFER collaboration, will be given: • The spin-dependence of the d-d reactions is unknown. The influence of the nuclear and, possibly, of the electron spin on the differential and the total cross section for the double-polarized d-d reaction is theoretically predicted but was never proved. In collaboration between the PNPI in Gatchina, Russia, the University of Ferrara, Italy, and the FZ Jülich, Germany, the spin- dependence of the d-d fusion reactions will be measured with a polarized deuteron beam at energies below 100 keV on a polarized deuterium jet target. • Does the polarization survive in the different kinds of fusion plasmas? Beside the magnetic confinement fusion even inertial fusion, e.g. induced with lasers, is tested at several institutes. For both concepts the important question is the lifetime of the polarization in the induced plasmas that must be long enough to support the fusion process. • How to produce and handle polarized fuel? When polarized fusion might be a reasonable option for energy production then the question of polarized fuel production will become important. This problem is solved for 3He and seems to be within reach for tritium. But for deuterium the situation is unclear. One option can be the production and storage of polarized D2 or DT molecules, but even new concepts for polarized ion sources will be discussed.

Primary author

Dr Ralf Engels (Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich)

Presentation Materials