9-14 September 2018
University of Ferrara
Europe/Rome timezone
23RD INTERNATIONAL SPIN SYMPOSIUM

Nuclear Polarization in Laser-induced Relativistic Plasmas

12 Sep 2018, 17:05
25m
A11 (Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33)

A11

Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33

Parallel Sessions Application of Nuclear Polarization Techniques to Other Fields Application of Nuclear Polarization Techniques to Other Fields

Speaker

Prof. Markus Büscher (Forschungszentrum Jülich/PGI-6 and Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf)

Description

Laser-driven particle acceleration has undergone impressive progress in recent years. Nevertheless, one unexplored issue is how the particle spins are influenced by the huge magnetic fields inherently present in the plasmas. In the framework of the JuSPARC (Juelich Short-Pulse Particle and Radiation Center) facility and of the ATHENA consortium, the laser-driven generation of polarized proton and 3He-ion beams in combination with the development of advanced target technologies is being pursued. Another goal of these investigations is to experimentally demonstrate that the nuclear spin alignment in a fusion plasma survives for periods at least comparable to the energy confinement time. In order to predict the degree of beam polarization from a laser-driven plasma accelerator, particle-in-cell simulations including spin effects have been carried out for the first time. For this purpose, the Thomas-BMT equation, describing the spin precession in electromagnetic fields, has been implemented into the VLPL (Virtual Laser Plasma Lab) code. A crucial result of our simulations is that a target containing pre-polarized hydrogen nuclei is needed for producing highly polarized relativistic proton beams. For the experimental realization, a polarized HCl gas-jet target is under construction at the Forschungszentrum Juelich where the degree of hydrogen polarization is measured with a Lamb-shift polarimeter. The final experiments, aiming at the first observation of a polarized proton beam from laser-generated plasmas, will be carried out at the 10 PW laser system SULF at SIOM/Shanghai. In parallel we have built a hyper-polarized 3He gas–jet target for experiments at the PHELIX Petawatt Laser Facility, GSI Darmstadt, for measuring the spin-polarization degree of laser-accelerated 3He2+ ions.

Primary author

Prof. Markus Büscher (Forschungszentrum Jülich/PGI-6 and Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf)

Co-authors

Prof. Andreas Lehrach (FZ Jülich and RWTH Aachen) Anna Hützen (Forschungszentrum Jülich) Dr Ilhan Engin (Forschungszentrum Jülich) Dr Johannes Thomas (Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf) Dr Ralf Engels (Institut für Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Jülich)

Presentation Materials