9-14 September 2018
University of Ferrara
Europe/Rome timezone

New results on spin structure functions at very low momentum transfers from the EG4 experiment at Jefferson Lab

11 Sep 2018, 15:40
A8 (Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33)


Polo degli Adelardi - Via Adelardi, 33

Parallel Sessions Spin Physics in Nuclear Reactions and Nuclei Spin physics in Nuclear Reactions and Nuclei


Marco Ripani (GE)


Several experiments at Jefferson Lab have collected a large amount of data on the spin structure of nucleons using a polarized electron beam directed onto various polarized targets (NH3, ND3, and 3He). In these double polarization experiments, either the double spin asymmetries A|| and A⊥ or the polarized cross section differences Δσ|| and Δσ⊥ are measured with unprecedented precision and over a wide kinematic range, with 0.01 GeV2 < Q2 < 5.0 GeV2 and 1.08 GeV < W < 3.0 GeV. From these measurements, the spin structure functions and their moments are extracted. These data help us shed more light on the nucleon spin structure in the region of quark-confinement as well in the transition region between hadronic and partonic degrees of freedom. At sufficiently low momentum transfer, it is possible to test various predictions for moments of structure functions from sum rules and QCD-based effective theories such as Chiral Perturbation Theory (cPT) as well as from phenomenological models. In particular at very low momentum transfers (Q2→0), the first moment (G1) of the structure function g1 is constrained by the GDH sum rule and its extensions based on cPT, which makes measurements of g1 in this region uniquely interesting. In this talk, I will present new results from the EG4 experiment with CLAS, which measured the double polarized cross section difference on NH3 and ND3 (with both electron beam and targets longitudinally polarized), down to Q2 = 0.02 GeV2. The results of a parallel analysis of double polarization observables in exclusive pion electroproduction in the same kinematic region will also be shown.

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