Jul 6 – 13, 2022
Bologna, Italy
Europe/Rome timezone

The Potential to Probe Solar Neutrino Physics with LiCl Water Solution

Jul 8, 2022, 7:05 PM
1h 25m
Bologna, Italy

Bologna, Italy

Palazzo della Cultura e dei Congressi
Poster Detectors for Future Facilities, R&D, novel techniques Poster Session


Zhe Wang (Tsinghua University)


Lithium chloride water solution is a good option for solar neutrino detection. The $\nu_e$ charged-current (CC) interaction cross-section on $\rm{{}^{7}Li}$ is evaluated with new B(GT) experimental measurements. The total CC interaction cross-section weighted by the solar $^8$B electron neutrino spectrum is $3.759\times10^{-42}~\rm{cm}^2$, which is about 60 times that of the neutrino-electron elastic scattering process. The final state effective kinetic energy after the CC interaction on $\rm{{}^{7}Li}$ directly reflects the neutrino energy, which stands in sharp contrast to the plateau structure of recoil electrons of the elastic scattering. With the high solubility of LiCl of 74.5 g/100 g water at 10$^\circ$C and the high natural abundance of 92.41%, the molarity of $\rm{{}^{7}Li}$ in water can reach 11 mol/L for safe operation at room temperature. The CC event rate of $\nu_e$ on $\rm{{}^{7}Li}$ in the LiCl water solution is comparable to that of neutrino-electron elastic scattering. In addition, the $\nu_e$ CC interaction with the contained $\rm{{}^{37}Cl}$ also contributes a few percent of the total CC event rate. The contained $\rm{{}^{35}Cl}$ and $\rm{{}^{6}Li}$ also make a delay-coincidence detection for electron antineutrinos possible. The recrystallization method is found to be applicable for LiCl sample purification. The measured attenuation length of $11\pm1$ m at 430 nm shows that the LiCl solution is practicable for a 10-m diameter detector for solar neutrino detection. Clear advantages are found in studying the upturn effect of solar neutrino oscillation, light sterile neutrinos, and Earth matter effect. The sensitivities in discovering solar neutrino upturn and light sterile neutrinos are shown. The full research article can be seen at arXiv:2203.01860.

In-person participation No

Primary author

Zhe Wang (Tsinghua University)


Wenhui Shao (Tsinghua University)

Presentation materials